Scientists have found that drought and high temperatures will affect the amount of agricultural imports to European countries. It can be reduced by 40%.
An international team of scientists has determined that from 2050, 40% of agricultural products supplied to the EU will be very vulnerable to drought and could die. In a paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the researchers speculate that changes affecting agricultural products will be caused by global warming.
Scientists noted that as the planet warms due to greenhouse gas emissions, their colleagues around the world are trying to predict what will happen to plants and animals in their region. Research has shown that as the planet warms, some areas may experience dry weather – with less rainfall in Vietnam, Brazil, India, Turkey and Indonesia. The drought will drastically change the economies of countries and will also affect the EU countries that depend on agricultural imports.
To make the calculations more correct, the scientists turned to previous studies, which described the likely consequences for regions around the world. They then looked at changes in countries that grow agricultural products and then import them into the EU. In the work, the researchers examined the likely changes caused by drought for 2030, 2050 and 2085 under scenarios with medium and low emissions.
They found that due to droughts in other countries, by 2050 more than 44% of agricultural products imported into the EU are likely to be vulnerable to heat and drought. By these years, in their opinion, the severity of drought in these areas will increase by 35%. They also note that crops such as coffee, cocoa, sugar, palm oil and soybeans will be most affected. Droughts in one or more countries can drastically reduce these supplies.