Research by researchers at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has shown that boron particles, the main ingredient in household cleaners, increase the efficiency of thermonuclear reactions.
Thermonuclear fusion combines light elements in the form of plasma – this is a hot state of matter from free electrons and atomic nuclei. Such a process can generate enormous amounts of energy.
Scientists are striving to use thermonuclear fusion to create an almost inexhaustible supply of energy for the production of electricity.
The researchers found that boron injection makes it easier to produce highly efficient plasma in tokamaks.
The boron layer prevents the transfer of material from the inner wall into the plasma and also keeps the plasma free of impurities. Fewer impurities guarantee stability and reduce failure rates.
The authors carried out their experiment at the national thermonuclear installation DIII-D.