The first all-terrain vehicle in history, which could get to the far side of the moon, found a layer of dust 12 meters high. According to the publication Science Advances, the device measured the height of the dust using a special radar.
The all-terrain vehicle is located in Von Karman Crater on the Moon and is part of the Chang’e 4 mission of China. Since January 3, 2019, this spaceship is the first to reach the back of the moon without crashing.
This device first measured dust on the lunar surface using a radar, and scientists from China and Italy described the results in a scientific article in the journal Science Advances.
Lunar dust, also called regolith, is a talc matter from crushed rock and dust settled after asteroids fell to the surface of the moon billions of years ago. Chang’e 4 finds that this dust also covers the back of the Earth’s satellite.
“This work shows that the widespread use of radar could significantly improve our understanding of the history of lunar impact and volcanism and shed new light on understanding the geological evolution of the far side of the moon,” the authors noted.
This understanding will be key to future missions to the moon. Moon dust can damage the spacecraft’s instruments as it approaches the surface of the moon, increasing the risk of failure.