China’s population growth is slowing, the abolition of the “one family, one child” policy has changed little, and soon China will cease to be the largest country in the world — these are the results of the census, released on Tuesday by the authorities of the country.
According to the results of last year’s census, over the past 10 years, the population of China has grown by 72 million and amounted to 1 billion 412 million people. On average, in 2011-2020, the population grew by 0.53% per year, while in the previous decade, the average increase was 0.57%.
The head of the State Statistics Office of China, Ning Jizhe, speaking on Tuesday about these results, added that in 2020, 12 million children were born in China — one and a half times less than in 2016.
2016 was the first year that the authorities, concerned on the aging population, abolished the “one family, one child” policy in force since 1979 and allowed Chinese people to have two children. In the first couple of years, this measure gave a jump in the birth rate, but then the curve turned down again. As a result, in the coming years, China may cease to be the largest country in the world by population: India, according to official estimates, is only a couple of tens of millions behind, but its population is growing by almost 1% per year.