China is responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions than all developed countries combined, according to a new study by the Rhodium Group. The Chinese authorities have promised not to harm the environment by 2040.
Scientists note that emissions of six of the most harmful gases to the atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrogen oxide, in China in 2019 increased to 14.09 billion tons. This is about 30 million tons more than the remaining members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This was reported by the New York Climate Research Group.
At the same time, the Chinese authorities emphasized the importance of reducing carbon dioxide emissions – they want to go to zero by 2060. China accounts for 27% of global emissions. The United States, the second-largest issuer, accounted for 11%, and India for the first time overtook the European Union, which accounted for about 6.6% of global emissions.
However, China also has the world’s largest population, so its per capita emissions remain much lower than the United States. And historically, OECD members are still the biggest culprit in global warming, as they have emitted four times more greenhouse gases than China since 1750.
“China’s history as a major issuer is relatively short compared to developed countries, many of which have harmed the planet for over a hundred years,” the researchers note. “It should be borne in mind that global warming is the result of emissions both in the recent and more distant past.”