The oceans are a huge reservoir of gases, for example, they contain ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons. Scientists have found that there will be a turning point when the ocean stops absorbing and begins to release these destructive gases into the atmosphere.
Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have found that ocean currents of at least one type of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), known as CFC-11, affect the atmosphere.
CFC-11 is a chlorofluorocarbon that is used in the production of refrigerants and insulation foams. When released into the atmosphere, the chemical sets off a chain reaction that ultimately destroys the ozone-atmospheric layer that protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Since 2010, the production and use of this chemical has been phased out worldwide in accordance with the Montreal Protocol, a global treaty aimed at restoring and protecting the ozone layer.
Based on the results of their work, the authors believe that the global ocean will completely change its long-standing role – it will stop absorbing ozone-depleting chemicals.
Researchers predict that by 2075 the oceans will emit more CFC-11 into the atmosphere than they absorb, and by 2130 they will release so many gases that it will globally affect the climate situation.
In addition, with an increase in climate change, these events may occur 10 years earlier.