The European Commission (EC) has initiated new proceedings against Poland on suspicion of a violation by an EU member state of the fundamental principle of the independence of the judiciary and EU law. This was reported by the press service of the European Commission on Wednesday, April 3.
In particular, the European Commission believes that the judicial reform carried out in 2017 in Poland does not meet the EU standards, as it creates a framework for political pressure on judges and thus violates the principle of separation of powers. “The European Commission initiates an investigation of the violation (by Poland) law of the EU”, — stated in the message.
The EC accuses Poland of violating the EU law
The judicial reform initiated in Poland in 2016, allows for investigations against judges because they handed down verdicts, and also to impose on judges the fines and take other disciplinary measures.
These measures are aimed at “systematic subordination of judges to the control of the Executive power”, said the Vice President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans. According to him, those Polish judges who make requests to the Court of the European Union can be subjected to disciplinary sanctions. In addition, according to the European Commission, Poland does not guarantee the independence of the Disciplinary chamber of the Supreme Court, which conducts investigations against judges.
The Polish government has two months to give a written response to Brussels.
Proceedings of the European Commission against Poland
This is not the first trial against the Polish government initiated by the European Commission to check whether the Polish judicial system complies with the EU law.
In December 2017, the European Commission also began proceedings against Poland on the basis of article 7 of the EU Agreement, according to which Poland may be deprived of the right to vote in the European Council “for a serious violation of European values”.