Scientists grow cell cultures in Petri dishes for comprehensive study of biomaterial, drug discovery, vaccine production, protein production, and other biotechnological purposes.
To do this, the authors used cells separated from the coral larvae: they developed into eight different types of cells, seven of them remained stable, multiplied continuously for 10 months, and did not lose their viability even after freezing.
Farmed crops from the Acropora family are very sensitive to the quality of seawater and are subject to bleaching when the ocean temperature or acidity rises: a better understanding of corals will help protect them from global warming.
As explained by Professor David Miller of the University of James Cook, who is not associated with the study, in marine biology, the most important thing right now is to understand how coral polyps interact with their symbionts at the cellular level.
Under the influence of adverse environmental conditions, this relationship can be disrupted, which usually leads to the death of corals.