The launch will be made from the Space Launch Complex 41 of the US Air Force Base at Cape Canaveral. As part of the mission, NASA expects to deliver a new rover Perseverance to the surface of Mars. Among its main tasks are assessing the habitability of the Red Planet in the past and collecting samples of Martian soil for research.
Perseverance is based on NASA’s previous rover, Curiosity. The device weighs over 1000 kilograms. Together with the rover, a small helicopter will be launched, which will be used in reconnaissance of possible targets to study and plot the rover’s route.
The start of the Mars 2020 mission was repeatedly postponed. July 20 was previously named as one of the dates, but then the launch was postponed due to problems with the installation of Perseverance on a launch vehicle. According to NASA, the problems have now been resolved and the rover has been successfully installed on Atlas V.
This rocket is a single-use, two-stage Atlas launch vehicle produced by the United Launch Alliance, a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing. He has 83 launches, of which 82 were successful.