A research team from the University of Alabama has discovered a mysterious object in space. According to scientists, it resembles a huge cloud and is located in the so-called “neutral zone” of galaxies.
The “neutral zone” is located at a distance of more than 300 million light-years from the Earth. It is the place of a cluster of thousands of galaxies, interconnected by a rarefied hot gas with a temperature of tens of millions of degrees Kelvin. The mass of the “cloud” itself, which scientists have called “orphan” or “lonely”, is 10 billion times the mass of the Sun. It is larger and “heavier” than some galaxies. Its temperature range is from 10,000 to 10,000,000 degrees Kelvin (from 9,727 ° C to 10,000,000 ° C).
Scientists have discovered a cloud in Abell 1367, a cluster of galaxies in the constellation Leo. It contains about 70 galaxies and is located about 300 million light-years from Earth.
Most likely, the mysterious space cloud originated from an unknown galaxy in the cluster. Perhaps it is held together by a magnetic field that suppresses unstable forces. Otherwise, it would have dissipated, experts say.
In future research, the lone cloud and others yet to be discovered will help scientists better understand interstellar media far away from their galaxies, as well as the effects of turbulence and heat conduction.
The space object was detected with the ESA XMM-Newton X-ray telescope. The cloud was also observed by the MUSE instrument on the VLT telescope and the Subaru telescope.