Svalbard is famous for its polar bears, which, according to recent studies, could almost disappear in the next hundred years due to climate change. The Norwegian Meteorological Institute reported that the Norwegian Arctic archipelago of Svalbard recorded the highest temperature ever recorded.
According to scientific studies, global warming in the Arctic is happening twice as fast as for the rest of the planet.
The archipelago recorded a temperature of 21.2°C during the day, just below 21.3°C – this figure was recorded in 1979. However, in the late afternoon, around 6:00 pm local time, 21.7°C was recorded, setting a new all-time record.
The group of islands dominated by Svalbard, the only inhabited island in northern Norway, lies 1,000 kilometers from the North Pole.
The Spitsbergen Islands typically have and are expected to have temperatures of 5-8°C during this time of the year. Temperatures in the region have risen five degrees above normal since January, peaking at 38 degrees in Siberia in mid-July, just above the Arctic Circle.
According to a recent report, Climate in Svalbard 2100, average temperatures across the archipelago will rise by 7-10 degrees between 2070 and 2100 due to levels of greenhouse gas emissions.
The changes are already visible. There were three to five degrees of warming between 1971 and 2017, according to the report, with the largest increases in winter.
Svalbard, known for its polar bear population, is home to both a coal mine, which has the strongest global warming effect of any energy source and a doomsday seed vault that has been harvesting the world’s agricultural crops since 2008 in the event of a global disaster.