The remains were found in the central part of Israel: at this place in 2010, builders worked, who noticed a hole in the ground, from where scientists soon took out ancient remains and tools.
In the following years, a team of archaeologists led by Yossi Zaidner excavated fragments of a skull and almost an entire jaw with a pair of teeth, which were attributed to the same individual and dated to 120-140 thousand years. The new species was named Nesher Ramla Homo.
The remains, according to scientists, looked more like Neanderthals than modern humans – they had large teeth, tiny chins and a completely different skull structure.
This indicates that the ancestors of all Neanderthals lived in the Middle East more than 400 thousand years ago. Previously, it was thought that Israeli Neanderthals were immigrants from Europe who had to migrate south after the onset of the glaciers.
The authors of the new work suggest that the found species could be a genetic and cultural link between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens.
The study continues, and scientists emphasize that all conclusions are preliminary.