If adopted, some existing police practices will be abolished.
Democrats in the House of Representatives have introduced a bill that aims to address racial injustice in police control in the United States.
If adopted, the “law on police justice” will change several existing practices. For example:
– The bill will exclude the protection of police and correctional officers under the “qualified immunity,” which protects officials whose actions were found illegal, including in cases of excessive force.
– The bill will strengthen civil rights protection by making the police responsible for violations of the Constitution that are committed “knowingly or with reckless disregard.”
– The bill will restrict the use of fire to kill in situations where it is considered necessary and when other options have been exhausted, rather than allowing officers to determine for them that fire to die is the only option if a police officer believes they are facing a threat.
– The US Department of Justice will be required to create a register of police misconduct. It will contain complaints about Federal and local law enforcement agencies, as well as the results of inspections, disciplinary actions, and the like. This step is intended to make it impossible for officers dismissed for misconduct to move to similar positions in other departments.
– The bill prohibits racial background checks at the Federal law enforcement level and requires local police that receives Federal grants to provide evidence that such practices have been eliminated to receive funding
– The bill introduces a Federal ban on the use of choking and pressure on the carotid artery, such as a knee on the neck, which led to the death of George Floyd. Law enforcement agencies in the States will be disqualified from receiving Federal grants if they do not impose a ban on such practices.
– The bill prohibits the use of Federal “no-knock” warrants for drug offenses and disqualifies police departments that have not abandoned this practice from receiving Federal grants. Police in Louisville, Kentucky, this year killed 26-year-old Breonna Taylor while executing a court search warrant for her apartment.
– The document requires Federal law enforcement officers to wear body cameras.
– The bill restricts the transfer of military weapons and equipment to local police departments. Except for the counter-terrorism operation and do not relate to actions on control over drug trafficking or services associated with providing security at the border.
– The bill allows the Department of justice to issue subpoenas as part of investigations related to police misconduct, and provides $ 100 million in grants for the next ten years to fund such studies by state attorneys general.